Crimean roeThe wildlife reserves come in various sizes, from just a special tree, rock or a water source, right up to large areas. The total number exceeds 150, and cover 6% of the peninsular’s area.
In 1923, the first wildlife park (its present-day name is the Crimean Wildlife Reserve) was founded. The hunting are of the family of the Russian Czar’s, protected since 1870, served as a basis for this reserve. Here not only the genuine nature of the Crimean mountain’s are preserved, but also a large population of European mouflons is maintained, brought from Corsica for the Czar to hunt. Of international importance is protected by the wildlife and hunting service, the Lebyazhi Ostrova (Swan Islands). These are protected by the Ramsard Convention for the preservation of water and marshlands.
The Kara-Dag Wildlife Reserveis famous for its geo-mineralogical features, like fantastical rocks, and gem veins.
In the Cape Martyan Wildlife Reserve, there are forests of tree-fern junipers and fluffy oaks, typical for the lower zone of the Southern Coast.

Cape Kazantip on the Kerch Peninsular is distinguished by a special micro-climate, with rich and varied flora and fauna, owing to the ancient ring-shaped coral atoll that forms the walls of this natural basin.
The most valuable heritage of one of the military training grounds is the recently formed Opuk Wildlife Reserve on the Kerch Peninsula, with its famous colony of pink starlings.
A large part of all the protected landscapes of Crimea is accessible for both excursion groups and individuals.

Crimea is only slightly smaller than Belgium, Albania or Haiti, and is bigger than Israel, Cyprus, and Lebanon. Crimea contains a variety of natural features, including mountains and plains, good agricultural land, and has a long beautiful coastline.
Relief.The flat portion of Crimea is much like the neighbouring steppe regions of Ukraine, but in the west, the plain turns into the lime terraces of the Tarkhankut, running their steep edge into the sea line. In the east are the hilly ridges of the Kerch Peninsula.
The Crimean Mountains in the south extend in three parallel ridges from Sevastopol to Feodosiya, spanning 150 kilometres. Their southern slopes are almost vertical, whilst the northern ones slope gently down into ridge lined valleys or plains. Two ridges in the north, small in height, form the Crimean foothills. They are cut into separate tracts by picturesque river valleys, and the main ridge, called Yaila (in the Crimean Tatar language this stands for «summer pasture») forms as an almost continuous barrier whose central part is over a thousand meters high. The ridge protects a narrow patch of land to the south from the cold winds, the famous Southern Coast of Crimea.
Climate.Overall, it is that of a temperate zone. However, the southern coast of Crimea from Cape Aya in the west to Mount Kara-Dag in the east, is called Sub-Mediterranean, since climatically this coast is similar to the Mediterranean region. The sunshine, water and air temperature, quantity of precipitation, wildlife and vegetation is the kind observed in the subtropics. The average temperature in January is 4 °C. The climate in the northern, flat part of is continental, like a temperate zone. Although infrequently there can be severe frosts and temperature as low as minus 30 °C, the average in January is between minus 2 °C to and plus 1 °C.