Further, the tigers and the leopards still live in the Ussurisky taiga which is such severe now. They «remember» the beneficial climate of the last Far-Eastern interglaciation. The tigers were found, im-possible to imagine, on the New Siberian islands 18-20 thousand years ago as their bones testify to. They consider that the tigers came there during the great climatic optimum, but as we think they froze there during those «optimum», optimum was to the west of Eurasia in the zone of action of the Gulf Stream, and considerable fall of temperature is to correspond with it in the North-East Asia, the tigers lived in Yakutia during the West glaciation. The tigers weren’t the only which came to the New Siberian islands, they came there following the representatives of the corresponding fauna, i.e. the red deers, the Manchurian deers, and the above followed subtropical vegetation. The Chukchi tale about the «gigantic worm» devouring the animals and the people written by Natan Bogoraz testifies to the climate similar to the damp subtropics set in Chukotka not long ago. All the investigators including Bogoraz himself see correctly a predatory python being an animal of subtropics in the «great worm». They used to consider the fact as an evidence of distant south residence of the ancient Chukchi men. The author has the other opinion. Damp subtropics stretched far to the north in the West of the Eastern Siberia.
Edward Derbishir confirms in his book «Winters of Our Planet», p.131: «The glacial periods of the tropical and subtropical zone coincided to some extent with the so called pluvial «rainy» periods which were notable for great recipitation and damping, but it’s a large simplification to carry out direct correlation between those periods». We consider that not to carry out correlation between those periods is to doom the views of the eminent scientist to misunderstanding the essence of the current events. Moreover, the Derbeshir’s field observations are a weighty evidence of our speculative constructions. Apropos, the leading Russian geological scientists: V.M. Kotlyakov and his colleagues M.G. Groswald and A.N. Krenke are more definite. They write in their joint work «Climate of the Earth: past, present, future»: «… But the climate became damper in the subtropic and the out-of-glacier regions of the temperate zones. That’s why the so-called pluvials corresponded to the glaciations there that means literally the periods of rains. The tracks of the high coast lines of the ancient lakes in the hollows being dry and semi-dry at present of the mentioned regions testify to their reality.», p.33. In addition, in those times area of the Lake Chad exceeded area of the contemporary Caspian Sea.
D.B.Oreshkin informs in the book «Time for Ice», p.104: «The Japanese specialists found apt application for the millenial chronicles. They fixed yearly the date of spring ritual when an emperor with his suite went out to admire the blooming Japanese cherry. That was a beautiful document reflecting the climatic fluctuations in the Far East. And as occurs frequently a new approach gave a new problem instead of clearing all the details. The Japanese cherry bloomed later than usually at the frontier between the first and the second milleniums and somewhat before, i.e. during the small climatic optimum when the vikings went to the north, to Iceland, Greenland. It means that there was growing cold. Then on the contrary, the small glacial period begins in Europe and spring comes to the Far East earlier than usually.» The fact that is a riddle and strangeness for D.B. Oreshkin is a beatiful corroboration for our hypothesis.
But we don’t hide the difficulties of the proposed conception. The foundations for the dates are shaky. True, we object decidedly to the paleoclimatic curves created according to the analysis of ground oceanic columns obtained in the Caribbian Sea, the Indian Ocean (IO) or the tropical part of the PO. They are good for the views of the supporters of Croll-Milankovich, but absolutely senseless as applied to our system of views. We can only be glad for equipment of the american science with modern machinery and appliances which could fix fall and rise in temperature using the spectral, isotopic and oxigen methods according to the columns of the ground sediments taken in the Caribbian Sea and the IO corresponding to the astronomic cycles of Milankovich. And no wonder that the employees of the Shekltone-Imbry discovered those correlations. And what more could they discover in the IO which didn’t know the Cainozoic glaciation? However, one can say they weren’t successful in the North Atlantics where quite the other processes were actual, the other more strong phenomena slured to considerable extent over the correlations with the Milankovich’s cycles there. And why did they consider only the interval of six hundred years, when the tectonic periods approached to the Milankovich’s centenary cycles, and perhaps they could «have repercussions» with them? We agree with the conclusions obtained from studying the ground columns taken only in the North Atlantics somewhat to the south and the north of the Faeroes, round Britain, in the Barents, the Baltic, the White, the Laptev, the East Siberian , the Chukchi, the Bering and the Beauford seas, and certainly, in the mainlands: the North Eurasia, the North America and the islands surrounding those regions and in the North Africa as well. But everything needs to be specified, any mistakes and prejudices, arbitrary juggling with the facts for reaching the Milankovich’s curves aren’t admissible, the matter is very serious.
«The ravines» of climatic fluctuations break harmony and beauty of hypothesis. Really, the glacial periods don’t pass smoothly along the curves rising or levelling fluently. Direction and speed of oce-anic currents change, and temperature of air and water in the oceans is very unsteady correspondingly. The glaciers first advance, then retreat during one period, now the climatic optimum, now the period of cold snap are observed during the interglaciations, the small glacial period changes for the small interglaciation. The Gulf Stream and the Kuroshio are in permanent struggle. Fall and rise of temperature of the Croll-Milankovich’s astroclimatic cycles superimpose over the glacial processes, as well as the natural changes in atmospheric carbonic acid, first of all of volcanic origin (also the anthropogenic ones now), any changes in atmospheric methane and water steam, any changes in albedo. The glacial processes become complicated, but according to our opinion the hypothesis remains to be convincing enough.
Determining the beginning of a new glacial period is directly related to the anthropogenic influ-ence on climate. We calculate time of its beginning as follows. The last three cycles of glaciation-interglaciation reduced approximately in two each time. As we think, it’s related to slackening strength of lithosphere seams in the North-Atlantic Rift and the Aleutian Trench owing to the vertical motions frequent in terms of geology. The last iterglaciation but one went on for 35 thousand years, it means the Golocene will last probably for 17,5-18 thousand years. According to unanimous statement of glaciologists the period of maximum glaciation of the last glacier was 18 thousand years ago. As for our conception the moment of maximum development of glacial process is simultaneously the moment of its termination, the moment of the beginning of a new interglaciation, i.e. the beginning of the Golocene. It means the moment draws near. In the meanwhile the settlements of the first vikings thaw out of the Greenland glacial shield. When will the Greenland glacier reach its minimum critical mark? According to the prognosis of G.Flon being a West German climatologist then, increasing hotbed effect because of excessive effluent of carbonic acid into atmosphere from the chimneys of industrial enterprises and the car exhausts will lead to quick rise in temperature on the Earth. Flon affirms, in 2000-2010 the climate will be similar to the conditions of the early Middle Ages, i.e. the small climatic optimum. The period about 2020 could be similar to the warmest one of climatic optimum about 6000 years ago. The period 2020 to 2050 will be the most similar to the conditions of the mildest one of the previous interglaciation, i.e. the Greenland glacial shield will reach the minimum critical mark somewhere in the interval 2020-2050, at the same time a New Glacial Period is considered coming.
Is there any method to get rid of the terrible glacial catastrophe? The author sees a possibility. The method is difficult and expensive, but solving completely the problem and up to the interested coun-tries of the north hemisphere, if they will act freendly and resolutely without serious losses of time. We propose to create the water-development works in the Bering Strait which will be capable to control water change between the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic Oceans. It will operate in one condition as a dam which prevents passing the Pacific water to the AO, in the other conditions as a high-power pumping plant pumping water from the AO to the PO, but at the usual time cutting off and pumping nothing and serving only as a bridge from the North-East Asia to the North-West America.
The Bering water development is to serve as a dam in the case if the catastrophic situation will arise and the other methods to turn it back will be unsuccessful, i.e. the mobile waterlocks are to be provided with the water development. The dam will assist to lower the level in the AO by cutting off passing the pacific water to the AO, and it will force the Gulf Stream to turn to its route to the Barents Sea usual for interglaciation. Having reached the standard water level in the AO, the Bering water development locks are to open that water from the AO could flow into the PO. The method creates artificially the mode of terminating the glacial period which doesn’t begin in point of fact. But the mode of cutting off all the Bering water development is reserve for failure, if the other methods won’t work. Such a shock for population of all the north hemisphere isn’t admissible. At the usual time the reliable automatic control system of water change between the Atlantic, the Arctic and the Pacific Oceans, i.e. the powerful axial-flow pumps are to be establisted, besides the waterlocks, in the Bering water development, which will be let down into water and take part in the work in response to the signal of sensors established in the Atlantic, the Arctic, the Pacific oceans and the Bering Strait itself. Beginning to pump water from the AO to the PO at the necessary moment, when the Gulf Stream is no longer in obedience, operating in response to the signals of the automatic control system, the Bering water development will be able to nip in the bud the glacial troubles for the people. Certainly, the Bering region is to be supplied with the highways, the railroads and the high-capacity electric power sources on the Russian and the American sides. We can repeat, the Bering water development is to cut off and pump nothing in the stable mode. At the usual time it will be only a bridge from Russia to the USA and Canada.
Indeed, the twenty first century, the third millennium will face such a problem.


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Nikolay A. Zharvin, Moscow, phone 468-89-86
17. 09. 2001.

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